Grade 8 – The End of the Greeks!

January 21 to 24, 2014

Monday – Happy Martin Luther King Day

Tuesday – Greek celebrity,  writer, scientist, philosopher, or leader you are interested in. Due January 21, 2014. Class discussion.

Wednesday – Review Alexander the Great.

Preview Horrible Histories link. http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/ancient_greeks/greek_world/ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3TgU7gRG08A

NG Alexander the Great: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=94BDdIJCAvI  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QTTOw4G7khs

Thursday – Review for test. Homework:  http://www.glencoe.com/qe/qe34.php?&st=433&pt=3&bk=17

Alexander the Great and the Birth of Hellenism http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BkKO5PIuZuM

Friday – A celebration of learning is tentatively planned for January 24, 2014 to cover all the Greek periods.

Chapter 4: Ancient Greece, 1900–133 B.C.

1. The Minoan civilization, which flourished between 2700 and 1450 B.C., was established __________
a.   in Athens.
b.   in Mycenae.
c.   on Crete.
d.   in Troy.
2. Homer taught that the Greek value of arête, or excellence, is achieved through __________
a.   study.
b.   honor.
c.   worship.
d.   struggle.
3. The Greek city-states relied on infantrymen called __________ for their defense.
a.   helots
b.   hoplites
c.   phalanx
d.   oracles
4. What happened in Greek city-states after tyrants fell out of favor by the end of the sixth century B.C.?
a.   Dictators took over the rule of city-states.
b.   Many people now participated in government in some cities, leading to the development of democracy.
c.   The rule of city-states fell again to the aristocracy in all city-states.
d.   The city-states dissolved.
5. A group of five men, ephors were __________ leaders in Sparta responsible for the education of youth and the conduct of all citizens.
a.   elected
b.   appointed
c.   military
d.   religious
6. During the Age of Pericles, the Athenians became deeply attached to their political system of __________
a.   direct democracy.
b.   oligarchy.
c.   tyranny.
d.   representative democracy.
7. The Delian League was __________
a.   an alliance between Athens and Sparta.
b.   a pact between Greece and Macedonia.
c.   a treaty between Athens and Persia.
d.   a defensive alliance against the Persians formed by Athenians.
8. A turning point in the Great Peloponnesian War came when __________
a.   a plague killed more than a third of the people in Athens.
b.   Sparta destroyed the Athenian fleet.
c.   the Athenians charged the Spartans outside the city walls.
d.   the Spartans were able to break down the city walls of Athens.
9. In order to learn the will of the gods, the Greeks __________
a.   built temples.
b.   made use of oracles.
c.   developed festivals.
d.   developed a body of religious doctrine.
10. __________, by Aeschylus, is the only complete Greek trilogy we possess today.
a.   The Iliad
b.   The Odyssey
c.   Oedipus Rex
d.   The Oresteia
11. __________, one of the early Greek philosophers, taught that the essence of the universe could be found in music and numbers.
a.   Socrates
b.   Pythagoras
c.   Aristotle
d.   Plato
12. After defeating a Persian army at Issus, Alexander did all EXCEPT __________
a.   returning home to Athens.
b.   building Alexandria, the Greek capital of Egypt.
c.   defeating the Persians in a decisive battle near Babylon.
d.   expanding his empire as far as modern Pakistan.
13. Which was NOT a reason why Greek culture spread in Southwest Asia during the Hellenistic Era?
a.   People native to each area were encouraged to participate in colonial government.
b.   Hellenistic rulers encouraged a massive spread of Greek colonists to Southwest Asia.
c.   Greek administrators, architects, actors, and others moved to the new Greek cities.
d.   All government business was transacted in Greek rather than native languages.
14. Alexandria stood out among other Hellenistic cities for all reasons EXCEPT __________
a.   becoming the home for scholars of all kinds.
b.   its harbor.
c.   the library, which became the largest in ancient times.
d.   a museum that allowed for scholarly research.
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